There are a lot of factors to consider when it comes to retirement planning. If you’ve ever plugged in assumptions on a retirement calculator to try to determine “your number” then you know what I’m talking about. One thing you want to avoid underestimating is your average life expectancy. This is a key number telling you how many years your retirement income will need to last. You will need to take into consideration factors such as your family medical history, your current health, etc. While people are generally living longer, your family history plays a primary role in how you should view your life expectancy. Remember, if you live into your 90’s you may need to plan for a lower investment withdrawal rate over your golden years.
A common mistake by retirees is to underestimate their costs of Medicare, Medicare supplements, and out-of-pocket medical expenses. For instance, it’s not uncommon for a retiree couple to pay $9,000 per year on Medicare premiums and also thousands of dollars out-of-pocket on medical bills. And don’t forget about annual inflation. Underestimating these expense items can ruin a good day and maybe someone’s retirement years.
According to William Bengen’s study, published in the 1994 Journal of Financial Planning, the amount a retiree can withdraw each year from their portfolio is somewhat related to market volatility and the sequence of their investment returns. Therefore as retirees manage investment risks, the size of their withdrawals, and market volatility it’s possible to improve their retirement outcome. Additionally, according to a Vanguard study, investment advisors can improve an investor’s situation using well-known and accepted best practices for wealth management compared to those of portfolios that are not.
As a kid, my parents jokingly shouted “XYZ” if I ever exited the bathroom without zipping up my pants! Let’s be honest, sometimes we get going so fast that we forget some of the most basic, fundamental needs we have. As a Gen-X (ages 38-48) or a Gen-Y (ages 19-37) investor, did you know that you are a part of a group that boasts one of the highest earnings power? Maybe you are moving along so fast that you need to stop to reconsider your plans for the future – something that seems way off, but in reality something that may come quicker than you realize. Doing so can help you Zip-up (take care of) some essential needs in regard to your financial hopes and plans… these are the XYZ Strategies.
XYZ Strategy #1 – Develop a strong, sound savings strategy
Many Gen-X investors are doing this. Many Gen-Y investors are starting (or have thought about it). And some of you have an inheritance you unexpectedly received, providing a solid foundation on which to build. Regardless of your situation, a key need for you is to develop a disciplined investment strategy. This is how you accumulate net worth over time, and also build up what you need for retirement. So what defines a strong savings strategy? Here are some five basic criteria to consider.
1) Just begin – if you haven’t already, you need to start saving. Do you realize it is much more difficult to save later on in life than it is today? This, not to mention the opportunity cost of forfeited compounding, inflation, etc. are reasons to start today. Plus, the math tells us that you shouldn’t be required to put aside as much now compared to waiting to start years later (when you get that pay raise, after you get married, once the car is paid off, etc.) saving for that goal.
2) Go automatic – systematic bank drafts work best and take the emotions out of investing. There’s no second guessing and you don’t miss $’s that aren’t in your checking account. If you get paid on the 15th and 30th each month, set up drafts for the 16th and 31st each month. Before you realize it, the years pass and you could have significant accumulated savings that you funded without the pain of writing a check each month, or wondering if “now” was the right time to invest. Dollar cost averaging is a proven, sound investment strategy.
3) Stick to your guns – in other words, don’t stop your plan… not when your car breaks down, not when the A/C unit stops working or the roof needs repair, not even when you have unexpected medical expenses. That’s what your emergency fund is for. Instead, benchmark that you won’t stop saving – and that you will even increase the amount you save every year. When is the best time for this?… usually after your annual employment review (or bonus).
4) Spread it out – while you can’t argue with the tax-advantages of saving in a company retirement plan (401k, SIMPLE IRA, etc.) or a Roth IRA (tax-free growth over time), it is still important to diversify your savings. Sound investors will also have taxable accounts (individual, joint, TOD, etc.) and disciplined families will have accounts set up for their children (UTMA, 529, ESA, etc.). Not putting all your eggs in one basket doesn’t just apply what you invest in, but also to the type of accounts you are funding over time.
5) Ask for help – set aside the pride and work with an advisor. It’s a sound way to receive professional, objective advice and it’s never a bad idea to have a second set of eyes on things. Plus, they look at investments most every day – it’s what they are paid to do. Let’s face it – life happens and before we know it time has slipped by, so enjoy the weekend and let your advisor worry about the investments.
Below is some informative material prepared by Karen DeMasters of Financial Advisor News on 8/16/2012 that talks about retirement views of both pre-retirees over age 45 and retirees. It is apparent that both retirement income and the need for sufficient financial resources are on the top of retiree’s minds. We hope this post finds you doing well and off to the beginning of a good Fall season …
Actuaries Say Retirement Worries are Increasing – More than one-third of pre-retirees over age 45 do not expect to be able to retire, an increase of 6% over the number reported in 2009. That pessimistic view comes from the latest survey by the Society of Actuaries, “2011 Risks and Process of Retirement Survey Report.” The society surveyed 1,600 people over the age of 45, including 800 retirees and 800 pre-retirees.
Of those who do not expect to retire, 45% say it is because they lack the financial resources to do so. Of those with financial concerns, three-quarters of retirees and 87% of pre-retirees say they will need extra income. Fifty-nine percent of retirees and 80% of pre-retirees say they need to build more assets. And 33% of retirees and 61% of pre-retirees say they need to keep employee benefits.
“Current trends in retirement indicate that people may need to work longer than they originally planned,” says actuary and retirement expert Carol Bogosian, spokesperson for the Society of Actuaries.
“Individuals often have a difficult time estimating how long they can expect to live, how much they will earn on their investments and how much they can spend each year to avoid running out of money,” she adds. “In fact, many people are just guessing about how much money they will need in retirement.”
The majority of both pre-retirees (89%) and retirees (77%) also say staying active is a reason to keep working in retirement. However, those who do expect to retire often overestimate the amount of time they will be able to keep working. While half of retirees report they retired before age 60, just one in 10 pre-retirees think they will retire that early. Half of pre-retirees expect to work until at least age 65.
“There is a big gap in the age at which pre-retirees expect to retire and actual retirement ages of those who have retired,” says Bogosian. “This may be partially due to involuntary retirement and health problems. This gap, together with the failure of many people to plan for a long enough retirement period, may indicate significant future financial problems for many.
For those retirees who have continued working, half have found employment with a company other than the one they retired from, while 29% have continued to work for the same company. Twenty-two percent have started their own small businesses or become self-employed. Thirty-one percent of pre-retirees who plan to retire say they will also start a small business.” –Karen DeMasters
Most have heard the phrase “don’t put all your eggs in one basket,” and pretty well understand the wisdom within this statement. But have you taken this a step further and applied it to diversifying your retirement income? We have seen many times that diversification among retirement income planning has been overlooked. And this can be a critical need for a retiree… so consider what some of the sources of retirement income you have in place. Perhaps you can identify with one or more of the following basic sources of retirement income:
Investment portfolio or savings – Income is generated from one’s investment portfolio, which is solely dependent on the stock and bond markets, such as a 401(k) plan, IRA or other accounts which may include mutual funds, individual securities, etc.
Employer benefits – Some still have an employer benefit (such as the Federal or State government, a large corporation, etc.) such as a Defined Benefit retirement plan which will send monthly checks after you retire.
Annuities – Another effective strategy can be variable annuities that offer lifetime benefits without annuitizing (via a Guaranteed Income Rider), which ultimately pays the policy annuitant a monthly income benefit for life, and the beneficiary receives the balance at death.
Rental and/or income property – Working assets that generate a constant flow of income, such as real estate, a trust or other account or inheritance property.
Notes Receivable – Can include private notes that others owe you or even arrangements with another party that can provide a set monthly income.
Timber proceeds – In the case of land ownership, periodically a timber cut or thinning can provided additional cash flow.
Oil/Gas partnerships – Can provide periodic income to the limited partner who assumes no liability beyond the funds they contribute to purchase units in the partnership.
During retirement the best of both worlds is at least stable income, but with some potential to increase over time. It is quite possible diversifying your retirement income may help produce that outcome.
In this part, let us remind you of the importance of attempting to grow your investment portfolio reasonably. Consider this… if you have ever played baseball, how many home runs did you hit? Or maybe as a spectator, how many home runs have your children or grandchildren hit on a consistent basis? So now you get it! Just as base hits are easier to get, a reasonable investment return probably stands a better chance to happen with possibly less risks. Let me say it again – if your retirement plan’s success depends on you hitting home runs with your investment portfolio, then stop that! Make adjustments now (save more, spend less, work longer if necessary, even consider working part-time during retirement, etc.). Keep in mind, a reasonable goal may be more successful if no more than a 4% to 6% long-term result could get the job done.